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Chateauneuf-du-Pape is the most prestigious appellation in the southern Rhone, and the vineyardswere established in the period of the Avignon Popes (14th century). The production area extends overfive communes (Chateauneuf-du-Pape, Orange, Bedarrides, Courthezon and Sorgues), on a hill rising to124m. The appellation permits 13 varieties: grenache, syrah, mourvedre, cinsault, counoise, terret noir,muscardin, vaccarese, picardan, picpoul., clairette, roussanne and bourboulenc (the last four of whichare white).
Archives affirm Château La Nerthe’s existence as early as 1560, while suggesting an even more distantpast dating to the dawn of the region’s wine culture. The wine of Château La Nerthe has been renownedsince the 18th century, during which time, La Nerthe’s reputation spread across Europe with exports toEngland, Germany, Italy and Spain. Since then, Château La Nerthe has served as a reference point in thehistory of the vineyards and wines of France. The 90 hectares (225 acres) of Château La Nerthe havebeen Certified Organic by Ecocert since 1998. The terroir is composed of rocky slopes of clay and sand,rising above the Rhône river. While it is difficult to grow vines in such soils, the rocks do help ripen theberries since they store heat during the day and warm the vines at night. They also allow water topenetrate into the soil, reducing stagnation and disease.